Lithops are known as
living rocks or living stones. They originated in Nambibia and South Africa, where they
have become highly adapted to the heat and drought conditions.
do they look like stones? Lithops mimic the soil and stones of their natural habitat as
camoflage from animals and people. The plants body consists of a pair of leaves that
have evolved into their primary moisture gathering tool. In some areas where they grow,
rainfall may not occur for extended periods, so water conservation of water is vital. The
rounded shape of the leaves, evolved to reduce evaporation, gives the plants the
appearance of a pebble.
Lithops need sufficient light, good ventilation. Plants should be kept totally dry from
October until Spring. During this time, the plant will generate a new body, consuming the
moisture and nutients of the previous body. Watering can start when the remains of the old
plant are shrivelled and dry (around May to July). Allow the soil to completely dry out
between waterings. Lithops should be planted in cacti mix with perlite or grit, to ensure
good drainage. A top dressing of gravel helps prevents the plant from coming into contact
with the potting mix.
here, clockwise from upper left): Bromfeldii, Pseudotruncatella, Werneri and Dorothea.
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